Таблиці: теперішній доконаний час The Present Perfect


Таблиця із інформацією про теперішній доконаний час (The Present Perfect) в англійській мові.

Часові
форми дієслова в дійсному стані:

Теперішній
доконаний час

The Present Perfect

 

have/has + Past
Participle

Стверджувальна форма

Affirmative

Питальна форма

Interrogative

Заперечна форма

Negative

I
have (‘ve) worked

you
have (‘ve) worked

he
has (‘s) worked

she
has (‘s) worked

it
has (‘s) worked

we
have (‘ve) worked

they
have (‘ve) worked

Have
I worked?

Have
you worked?

Has  he worked?

Has
she worked?

Has
it worked?

Have
we worked?

Have
they worked?

I
have not/haven’t worked

you
have not/haven’t worked

he
has not/hasn’t worked

she
has not/hasn’t worked

it
has not/hasn’t worked

we
have not/haven’t worked

they
have not/haven’t worked

Випадки вживання

Закінчена дія, яка відбувалася в
минулому і пов’язана з теперішнім

He’s
just returned from Canada.

I
have bought a new umbrella.

Дія, що відбувалася в минулому аж
до теперішнього часу або дія що розпочалася в минулому і ще не закінчилася до
моменту мовлення (в основному з дієсловами, що не мають форми Continuous)

Have
you seen him before?

He’s
had a lot of bad luck recently.

This
is the best wine I have ever drunk.

I’ve
read one story so far.

There
have been some changes lately.

Дія в минулому, з якої можна
здобути життєвий досвід.

I’ve
seen that woman.

Have
you ever been to Disneyland?