The climate of Ukraine is determined by its geographical location. Ukraine’s territory lies in the temperate belt. In general the country’s climate is temperately continental, being subtropical only on the southern coast of the Crimea. The differences in climate are caused by many factors: the latitude, relief, altitude, and proximity to seas and oceans. The climate varies not only from north to south, but also from the northwest to, the southeast as the warm damp air masses
moving from the northwestern Atlantic weaken and become dries. A characteristic feature of the climate is an increase in its continental nature from west to east.
A feature, of Ukraine’s climate is the considerable fluctuation in weather conditions from year to year. Alongside very wet years there can be droughts, whose effect increases to the south and east. There are frequent oscillations in weather in the regions of the Crimean and Carpathian Mountains.
The average yearly temperature in Ukraine varies between +5.5, +7°C (42, 44.5°F) in the north and +11, +13°C (52, 55.5°F) in the south. The coldest month is January, with a record low of 42°C. The warmest month is July with are record high of 40°C.
Precipitation (rain, snow, and other forms of moisture) ranges from about 30 inches (76 cm) a year in the north to about 9 inches (23 cm) in the south. The highest rainfall is in the Carpathian and Crimean mountains (31.5 to 63 inches).
On the southern coast of the Crimea the climate is subtropical Mediterranean, inasmuch as the Crimean Mountains obstruct the movement of cold Arctic air to the coast. These climatic features have contributed to the creation of one of the best resort areas in Ukraine.