Таблиці: зведена таблиця часів

До вашої уваги зведена таблиця часів у дійсному та пасивному стані. 

Active voice (Дійсний стан)

Indefinite (Simple)

Present

Утворення

Infinitive (без to)+ III особа однини закінчення s;

to be = am, are, is

Вживання

My friend reads English well.

Past

Утворення

Правильні дієслова: Infinitive (без to) + ed.

Неправильні дієслова: дивіться таблицю неправильних дієслів.

Вживання

I finished this work yesterday.

He made his report last week.

Future

Утворення

will + Infinitive (без to),

іноді для першої особи – shall + Infinitive (без to),

Вживання

I’ll go to Chernivtsi next year.

My friend will return in 3 days.

Continuous (Progressive)

Present

Утворення

am / is / are + Present Participle

Вживання

He is reading a book mow.

He is studying English at present.

He is constantly forgetting things.

Past

Утворення

were / was + Present Participle

Вживання

I was reading this book at 6 o’clock yesterday.

We were listening to the report from 6 till 8.

I was writing a letter when my friend came.

While I was speaking to our teacher, Katia was waiting for me.

Future

Утворення

(shall) will + be +Present Participle

Вживання

I’ll be reading at 6 o’clock tomorrow.

Your son will be playing chess when you come.

I’ll be listening to the report from 6 till 8.

While I am speaking to our teacher Katia will be waiting for me.

Perfect

Present

Утворення

have / has + Past Participle

Вживання

He has come.

I have already seen a new film (just, never, ever, yet).

This month we have studied much.

I have known him for 9 years.

He has lived here since 1946.

Past

Утворення

had + Past Participle

Вживання

Our group had finished its work by 8 o’clock.

When I came to my friend he had already gone to the institute.

Future

Утворення

(shall) will + have + Past Participle

Вживання

I’ll have written my report by 8 o’clock.

He will have finished his work when you come.

Perfect Continuous (Progressive)

Present

Утворення

have / has + been + Present Participle

Вживання

I have been waiting for you since 11 o’clock

Past

Утворення

had been + Present Participle

Вживання

He had been speaking for 15 minutes when we came.

Future

Утворення

(shall) will + have been + Present Participle

Вживання

By 9 o’clock I shall have been working at this article for 3 hours.

Passive Voice (Пасивний стан)

Indefinite (Simple)

Present

Утворення

am / is / are + Past Participle

Вживання

This book is written well.

Past

Утворення

was / were + Past Participle

Вживання

This house was built last year.

Future

Утворення

(shall) will + be + Past Participle

Вживання

This article will be translated by our students.

Continuous (Progressive)

Present

Утворення

am / is / are + being + Past Participle

Вживання

A new theatre is being built in our town.

Past

Утворення

was / were + being + Past Participle

Вживання

A new theatre was being built in our town when I came.

Future

Утворення

Вживання

Perfect

Present

Утворення

have / has been + Past Participle

Вживання

This book has been read.

Past

Утворення

had been + Past Participle

Вживання

This article had been written by 9 o’clock.

Future

Утворення

(shall) will + have been + Past Participle

Вживання

By 7 o’clock this work will have been finished.

Вживання часі у Passive Voice аналогічне до вживання у Active Voice. Часова група Perfect Continuous в пасивному стані не вживається.